Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41--45

Vitamin A deficiency: An eye sore


Ashish Chander, Rupali Chopra, Nitin Batra 
 Department of Ophthalmology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Rupali Chopra
Department of Ophthalmology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab
India

Vitamin A deficiency is a major cause of childhood mortality and morbidity in India and other developing countries. The ocular manifestations of vitamin A are collectively called xerophthalmia and range from conjunctival xerosis to severe blinding complications such as keratomalacia. Vitamin A deficiency exists as a major public health nutrition problem among preschool-aged children, especially in the South East Asian region, as well as among the pregnant and lactating women. Deficiency can be diagnosed by the ocular manifestations such as Bitot�SQ�s spots, serum retinol levels, and conjunctival impression cytology (CIC). Improving vitamin A status in the diet or by periodic administration of vitamin A to children can reduce both mortality and blindness. This review is an attempt to highlight the ocular manifestations of vitamin A deficiency, its prevalence, treatment, and preventive strategies.


How to cite this article:
Chander A, Chopra R, Batra N. Vitamin A deficiency: An eye sore.J Med Nutr Nutraceut 2013;2:41-45


How to cite this URL:
Chander A, Chopra R, Batra N. Vitamin A deficiency: An eye sore. J Med Nutr Nutraceut [serial online] 2013 [cited 2024 Feb 24 ];2:41-45
Available from: http://www.jmnn.org/article.asp?issn=2278-1870;year=2013;volume=2;issue=1;spage=41;epage=45;aulast=Chander;type=0